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Assessment of U.S. Biofuels Policy: Effectiveness of Emissions Reductions

Hand an der Zapfsäule
Ethanol blended gasoline cuts carbon emission significantly.
© Fuels Institute

Reducing emissions from the U.S. transportation section will be a challenge requiring the utilization of a range of solutions. Biofuels represent one of the most practical solutions to lowering U.S. transportation emissions in the near-term. This is the result of a comprehensive report by the U.S. Fuels Institute about corn-based fuel ethanol’s emission intensity that is typically around 45 percent lower compared to gasoline and has reduced carbon emissions significantly in 2019.

Currently, most biofuels and other alternative fuels are more costly than petroleum fuels absent governmental policy and generally have relied on support from governmental programs to expand their use and achieve emissions reductions. A major exception is ethanol, which can generally compete with gasoline. Corn ethanol has seen its carbon intensity reduced through technology and efficiency, and this trend is expected to continue through more sustainable farming practices as well as through carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) incentives.

See the report of effectiveness of emissions reduction.

The Fuels Institute, founded by NACS in 2013 is a non-profit research-orientated think tank dedicated to evaluating the market issues related to vehicles and fuels that power them. For more about the Fuels Institute, visit